The rivalry between the United States and Russia has been age-old and infamous across the world since the times of the Cold War. However, the previous US President Donald Trump had taken a pragmatic approach to Russia, which had resulted in reducing US-Russia tensions. Then came President Biden. In the first month of his presidency, Biden, in an undiplomatic manner, called Russian President Vladimir Putin a ‘killer’. Consequently, President Biden’s
Russia is the world’s largest exporter and second largest producer of natural gas after the United States and receives more than 50% of its revenues from oil and gas. Russia has been diligently working to establish its credentials as a ‘reliable’ supplier of natural gas in the international markets. Recently having annexed Crimea from Ukraine, Russia has invited the wrath of the US and the European Union. Importance of Ukraine in Russian energy supply to Europe is highlighted by the fact that 40% of Russia’s natural gas supplies to Europe pass through Ukraine and this fuel keeps the factories running and electricity flowing throughout Europe. Against this Russian bravado in Ukraine, the US and the EU have slapped sanctions on Russia and are threatening to raise the stakes. As a result EU has been looking for options other than Russia for its fuel as Russia is one of the leading fuel supplier to the European nations with 30% of their gas requirements being met by it. This certainly poses a threat to Russian economic interests and the same time gives an upper hand to the West in dealing with the Ukraine-Crimea crisis.
The complexities and the tensions have been further flared up the recent shooting down of the Malaysian passenger airliner over the Ukrainian territory for which the West and Ukraine have blamed Russia supported-rebels. Another incident which is adding fuel to this fire is that of Russian military test-firing Topol intercontinental ballistic missile from its northern test site in Plesetsk, as well as test-firing of several shorter-range missiles from its submarines in the Northern and Pacific Fleets. Russia has not just stopped at this but has accelerated other military manoeuvres. This involves the launch of air-to-surface rockets by Tu-95 strategic bombers that too from strategically sensitive Western Russia, and the very importantly entry of Northern Fleet armada led by the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov straight into the English Channel.
मगर ’सोविएत रशिया’ से स्वतंत्र हुए युक्रेन को रशिया के प्रभाव से निकालने की जरुरत ही क्यों थी? इसका उत्तर ढूंढने के लिए फिरसे थोडा पीछे जाना पडेगा। सन १९९७ में अमेरिका के एक प्रभावशाली राजनीतिक माने जानेवाले जिबिग्नोव ब्रिजेन्स्की की एक किताब प्रसिद्ध हुई। किताब का नाम था, ’द ग्रैंड चेसबोर्ड: अमेरिकन प्रायमसी ऐण्ड इट्स जिओस्ट्रैटेजिक इम्पेरेटिवज्’, इस किताब में उन्होंने ‘युरेशिया’(युरोप व रशिया) को शतरंज की बिसात कहकर,
’युक्रेन की समस्या की वजह से तीसरा विश्वयुद्ध भडक सकता है।’ – लिओनाईड क्रैवचुक, युक्रेन के स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के अग्रणी नेता एवं देश के पहले राष्ट्रपति पहले और दूसरे विश्वयुद्ध के कारणों पर गौर करें तो क्रैवचुक की बात खोखली नहीं लगती। विश्वयुद्ध हो या विश्व में लंबे अरसे तक चलनेवाले अनेक संघर्ष; इनमें से अधिकतम की शुरुआत कुछ विचित्र तथा उस संघर्ष से सीधे संबंध रखनेवाली घंटनाओं से नहीं
‘The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation’, a strategic accord was signed between China and Russian for twenty-years in the year 2001. This treaty broadly outlines to serve as a basis for peaceful relations, economic cooperation, as well as diplomatic and geopolitical reliance between the two nations. It also can be seen as an implicit defence understanding pointing at increasing military cooperation, including the sharing of military technology between the